# Model:Bond RMBM Model

## Contents

## Bond/Rowland rod mill ball mill model

This is a rod mill feeding a ball mill model that estimates the specific energy consumption (E_{RM} and E_{BM}) using the Rowland interpretation of the classical Bond work index equation including Rowland efficiency factors.

There are two varieties of this model, one based on feed generated by closed-circuit crushing and other based on feed generated by open-circuit crushing.

**Warning:** do not mix sizes of rod mills, only have a single size of rod mill in the primary section. The estimation of Rowland EF6 factors requires rod mill dimensions, and only the first rod mill in the circuit is queried to calculate the EF6.

### Testwork Required

### Formulae

^{Rowland, 2006}

The rod mill oversize feed factor (EF_{4}^{RM}) is calculated using the greater of the sample's rod mill or crushing work index (which is usually the Wi_{RM}). The optimal feed size and EF_{4} are both calculated using whichever is greater.

where,

*R _{ro} = 8 + 5 × (rod length) / (mill diam)*

units aren't important as long as the mill diameter and rod length are expressed in the same units.

*EF _{8} = 1.0* for rod mills fed by closed circuit crushing plants.

*EF _{8} = 1.2* for rod mills fed by open circuit crushing plants.

Both the ball mill and rod mill work index values are used to compute EF_{4}^{BM}: The ball mill work index in the oversize feed factor component and the rod mill work index in the optimal feed size component.

where:

- F
_{80}, µm is the specified circuit feed size (crushing plant product) - T
_{80}, µm is the transfer size that balances the power draw in rod & ball mill stages. - P
_{80}, µm is the specified product size (hydrocyclone overflow)

Note that the EF3 factor is not used in these equations. Rowland describes omitting EF3 as a conservative design, adding a 'safety factor' to larger diameter mills.

### Required parameters

**F**is the 80% passing size of the fresh feed to the circuit (expected to be a Bond-compatible size distribution)._{80}, µm**P**is the 80% passing size of the circuit product (expected to be a Bond-compatible size distribution)._{80}, µm**Availability**, expressed as a decimal (0.90 = 90% availability) is used to convert t/h to t/d.

### Optional parameters

**Description**and**Comment**are optional text fields**Maximum t/h limit**is a t/h throughput above which a warning message is displayed (but does not actually limit the throughput).**T**and_{80}min**T**override the transfer size restrictions built into the model_{80}min- Ball mill work index adjustment used to adjust Wi
_{BM}for different P_{80}sizes.**coefficient (a)**, the fitted Hukki coefficient to the adjustment equation (enter as a positive number)

### Secondary and tertiary crushers

The model assumes any secondary and/or tertiary crushing happens upstream of the rod mill. Crusher specific energy is not included in this model.

The choice of crushers and arrangement is normally based on volumetric flow and not on power draw. Use a crusher catalogue or another tool, like Metso's Bruno software, to determine the size and arrangement of the crushers ahead of the ball mill(s).